Sustainable management of environmental resources
One of the achievements of 2022 was the successful promotion of the link between food security and the environment by promoting agroforestry systems in the Venezuelan Andean region. In addition, the UN supported MINAGUAS to increase access to drinking water in the country, collaborating in the recovery and rehabilitation of supply systems at the urban and rural levels. These actions improved access for 300,000 people in vulnerable areas.
In 2022, Venezuela made progress in preparing an action plan for managing water resources in line with the technical and legal standards of the country, in which more than 400 officials participated.
Compliance with international agreements
The UN continued to support the development of the climate agenda in the country through institutional strengthening and participating in the development of regulatory frameworks such as the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan for the agriculture, fishing, and water resources sectors. The National Climate Crisis Observatory and five departments of the Ministry were trained and provided with equipment to reinforce the policy to combat desertification.
Regarding compliance with international agreements, we worked with public institutions and the private sector to implement the Montreal Protocol. Some aspects addressed were the customs control of substances that deplete the ozone layer and the training of 667 public and private sector technicians in ten states on the safe use of refrigerants in industrial and technological reconversion.
Support for the first Indigenous Social Enterprise
A total of 54,403 hectares of the Imataca Forest Reserve, Bolívar State, are managed sustainably through community protocols developed jointly between the Kariña indigenous communities, MINEC, and the UN. This work increased and diversified the capacity of the Tukupu indigenous community forestry enterprise (EPSDC Tukupu) to sustainably manage forests through agroforestry and reforestation of the Reserve. It was possible to restore and regenerate 509.5 hectares of forests and forest lands in reforestation activities, 520 through analog forestry and 529.5 through agroforestry.
This new community way of managing has made it possible to continue using the method of forest co-management or shared management of the Reserve, which guarantees the continuity of compiling the list of seed plants and fauna. The 1,314 registered and confirmed species represent 27.9 % of the known species and 56.29 % of those reported in the Guyana region. This information makes it possible to know their status and apply preventive conservation measures if necessary.
Flood risk management
During the intense rainy season of 2022, which caused numerous material losses and human lives, the population’s most pressing needs were coordinated with partners and national authorities. The response actions included assessing needs, supporting the institutions’ technical staff, and delivering kits, medicines, and water purification tablets in 11 states. Efforts were made to strengthen the response capacities of Civil Protection and ministries such as the MPPE, MPPS, and MINAGUA.
For more than eight hours, the inhabitants of Parapara and other towns in the Juan Germán Roscio municipality suffered torrential rains that caused the suspension of electrical service, the flooding of homes and crops, the loss of belongings, and the collapse of the primary land transportation routes.
“We are shocked,” said Carmen Ramirez, a mother of four and a resident of Parapara. “We are used to monitoring the riverbed when the rain comes, but we had never seen a flood of this magnitude.”
As a complement to the State’s response and to assist 125 families affected by the rains and floods in Parapara and other communities of Guárico, a joint mission led by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), together with the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the Accommodation, Energy, and Equipment Cluster, traveled to Guárico to learn first-hand about the needs of people and coordinate the distribution of humanitarian assistance to improve the habitability and lighting conditions of the homes of these families.